Saturday, November 24, 2012

The Fatal Dangers of Pyometra

Never Go To Bed on a Pyo: the causes and cures of Pyometra and how it almost killed my dog!

By: N Gilbert

A lot of people have asked me what exactly Pyometra is and how it can kill a dog. My Marley for one almost died because of it and had to go into emergency surgery. Here's the info on it, please read and share for others to know! ♥ NG

Did you know???
Pyometra is a bacterial infection of the uterus that mostly occurs in middle-aged or older unspayed female dogs, though it may also occur in cats or young dogs. It can result in the accumulation of infection in the bloodstream or abdominal cavity, which can rapidly lead to systemic infection, shock, and death. The severity of symptoms varies depending on whether the female’s cervix is open or closed. The root cause of pyometra is heightened levels of progesterone, either found naturally in the 4-8 weeks after a heat cycle, or induced by hormone-based therapies such as those used to prevent unwanted litters. The hormone estrogen is used in some or these "abortion" therapies, which, if given at a certain point after the heat cycle, can increase the effects of progesterone even further (though most of these therapies have been taken off the market). These high progesterone levels can cause cysts and pockets, which are prime target locations for bacteria. In pyometra cases, E. Coli (Escherichia coli) has been the most common bacteria isolated from the infected uterus due to its ability to thrive in a uterus sensitized by progesterone.
Drinking and urinating a lot (polydipsia)
Lack of appetite
Abdominal pain and enlargement
Constant grooming around the vaginal opening
In the case of an open cervix, a thick, bloody, foul-smelling discharge draining from the vaginal opening is the first sign of an infected uterus. These animals tend to appear less sick because the infection has a route to leave the body.
If the animal’s cervix is closed, there will be no discharge and the infection can accumulate and spread into the bloodstream or enter the abdominal cavity. Symptoms can progress to those of shock, including a high fever and rapid pulse. The uterus will fill with pus and expand. Infections of other organs is common. The sick animal will need veterinary attention ASAP.
The bacterial infection can not be resolved until the infected fluid is removed from the body, either by removing the uterus or draining the infection. In most cases, it is best to have the infected uterus removed by spaying the animal, taking special care not to rupture the uterus and release infection into the body cavity. After the uterus is removed, the animal will most likely be put on antibiotics for 1-3 weeks to clear up any remaining infection.
The important thing is to spay and neuter your pets unless you plan to breed. ♥

No comments:

Post a Comment

Animated Social Gadget - Blogger And Wordpress Tips